Canada V4G 1K7
E-mail: info@ highlinertrailers.com
|Basic Trailer Maintenance|
Your Highliner trailer must be properly maintained to ensure it is in good operating condition. Following the instructions below will help you enjoy more years of safe and trouble-free trailer operation.
Most trailers are equipped with “Bearing Buddies.” These are a replacement for dust caps, and allow a person to get grease into the wheel bearing without disassembling them. This should not be regarded as a substitute for regular bearing inspection. If you are a summer boater, then this inspection should be done after your last use.
Since 2008, Highliner trailers have been built with a stainless steel sleeve installed under the seal.
When “Bearing Buddies” are in use, they produce a small amount of pressure on the grease in the wheel hub, in an attempt to keep water from entering through the grease seal. They are filled at the factory, but need to be greased again after the first trips, or whenever the piston is in the “in” position. If you are constantly greasing the "Bearing Buddy," you may be greasing only the inside of the rims on a non-brake trailer or on your trailer brakes.
Once the hub is filled, there is no place for the grease to go unless the seal is damaged, in which case you are just filling your brakes with grease, so stop greasing and inspect the brakes!
With oil-bath hubs,
the clear plastic cap allows you to see a visual confirmation that there
is lubrication to your wheel bearings.
The single most important maintenance on your brake is flushing the fluid through the system. We recommend that this be done on an annual basis. Why? The brake fluid in the system absorbs moisture and causes rust in both the master cylinder and in the wheel cylinders. Two things happen:
(1) On the application of brakes, rust particles are forced through the small orifice at the fluid outlet of the master cylinder, and can restrict the fluid flow. When the brakes are released, the springs in the wheels are unable to push the fluid back into the master cylinder, therefore the brakes “Drag”.
(2) The piston in the wheel cylinders seize up. This commonly occurs when a trailer is backed into a storage location and left for some length of time. When you attempt to move the trailer you will find the wheels locked. The piston is seized in the wheel cylinders , and the brake shoes are expanded against the hub/drums.
brakes will apply on your first stop and will not release resulting in
the brakes dragging.
Your roller assemblies
need to be greased as well. With the boat off the trailer, take your grease
gun and put grease where the roller rides on the shaft, and then move
and rotate the roller to spread the grease on the shaft. The grease will
allow the rollers to rotate under the weight of the boat more easily,
and will alleviate premature wear on the roller shafts.
Use a small amount of grease on the winch gears. Trailer jacks are infamous for seizing up over the winter. A small hole drilled about 4” down from the handle will allow you to get some lubricant on the threaded shaft, the seizing of which is the most common problem.
Also, if you walk
past the trailer in its’ storage location, I would encourage you to give
the handle a couple of turns. And, with the wheel of the jack fully extended
put some grease on the inner shaft. This will keep the wheel from being
unidirectional when you try to move the trailer by hand.
The trailers are equipped
with “Dry Launch” brand lights, and are designed to be submersible. We
would still recommend that you disconnect your lights at the hitch prior
to launching. All the bulbs are removable in the event they may fail,
and are available at any automotive type store. Light Emitting Diode (LED)
lighting is available as an option.
Sideguides - Require
no maintenance. Just ensure that they do not contact the boat while in
load position on trailer- contact between boat and guide could result
in wear on boat.
Our laws in B.C. restrict the total weight allowed to be towed with surge brakes to 2800 kg. Above this weight we have to use a braking system “Capable of being engaged by the operator from a seated position in the cab of the tow vehicle”.
We have three options here:
(1) Vacuum over hydraulic brakes. This system uses a source of vacuum from the tow vehicle to operate a brake booster on the trailer, and then the brakes. This is an old system and may require very expensive modifications to the tow vehicle to provide a source of vacuum. Vacuum in an engine is created by air flowing through a carburetor. Today's tow vehicle tends to have fuel injected or diesel engines, thus poor vacuum sources. Negatives are brake application delay times, and no adjustment for loaded or empty conditions.
(2) Electric over Hydraulic brakes. This system uses an electric brake controller in the tow vehicle that is the same principle as that used for travel trailers brakes. In this case, our electric current is operating a hydraulic pump, rather than brake magnets. Because of this , we require a cab controller with a high amperage capacity. This is an easy and inexpensive system to install on any tow vehicle, requiring only a source of 12V power.
There is a limited range of adjustment on the pump itself, regulating its’ pressure output. There is also a large range of adjustment built into the cab control. The two negatives to this system are cost, and delay time. Because an application of the brake pedal has to start the motor to drive the pump, there is an application delay of .85 to 3.4 seconds, depending on the volume of fluid pumped. i.e.: number of wheel cylinders , state of adjustment of brakes.
Neither the Vacuum nor the Hydro-Star are owner-serviceable units, however they both make it easy to flush the brake fluid through the system.
(3) Straight Electric
Brakes. This is identical to the system used in “RV” type trailers, where
we have cab control of the trailer brakes. In the past, only painted brake
assemblies have been available, which have not been suitable for boat
trailers used in salt water.
This item requires
no maintenance other than ensuring that hose clamps remain tight.
(1) Fluid requirements “ H.D. Dot 3”. approximately 500 ml. (should do a tandem trailer).
(2) Start with the brake bleeder furthest from the master cylinder, open bleeder about one turn, put short length of hose over bleeder screw and into clear plastic container ( e.g.. pop bottle).
On “Dico “ model 60 actuator, it is possible to pump the brakes by using a screwdriver as a lever. On “Dico” model 6 actuators, a pressure bleeder works best, but if not available, it is possible to make a “tourniquet” of rope between the actuator and the winch assembly to apply the brakes.
Take the cap off the
master cylinder reservoir and keep the fluid level topped up while flushing
the fluid through the system. This will keep air from entering the system.
When clean fluid appears in the drain bottle, close the bleeder and move
to next one.
This bearing loading
should be checked after every 100 km. of use, and then annually. The “Bearing
Buddies” will need to be greased, as they will fill the voids in the drum
under initial use.
Spraying the leaf springs with a good penetrating oil will help keep them quiet, and block the formation of rust between the leafs.
The springs are submersed in the water. Consider using an "environmentally friendly" oil.
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